Half of Americans over the age of 30 have periodontal disease, the leading cause of adult tooth loss. The team of experts at Periodontal Implant Group in Houston is committed to helping you protect your teeth and gums and offer customized treatments to heal periodontal disease. If you’re concerned about gum disease, call Periodontal Implant Group or schedule an appointment online today.
Periodontal disease — also referred to as gum disease — is an infection in your gums and other structures that support your teeth. In most cases, periodontal disease is painless, and you may not know you have it until the disease has reached advanced stages.
There are three stages of periodontal disease: gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis. Gingivitis is the earliest stage of the disease and also the easiest to treat. You might notice that your gums look red or swollen or that they bleed a little when you brush your teeth. Bad breath is another symptom of gingivitis.
If you don’t get treatment for gingivitis, your periodontal disease eventually progresses to periodontitis, which is more severe and challenging to treat. At this stage, the disease damages your gums and can cause bone loss in your jaw. You may notice that your swollen gum are tender and may develop loose teeth.
Advanced periodontitis is the final and most severe stage of the disease. It causes bone loss in your jaw, which can cause your teeth to shift or even fall out. You’ll also notice your gums receding and will have chronic halitosis.
In most cases, periodontal disease develops because of poor oral hygiene. When the bacteria in your mouth multiply and create plaque and tartar on your teeth, your gums are vulnerable to infection.
Your risk of periodontal disease increases if you smoke and if you have crooked or crowded teeth that are hard to keep clean. If you have a family history of periodontal disease, your chances of developing the condition are higher.
The team at Periodontal Implant Group provides customized treatment for periodontal disease, depending on how advanced your condition is. For example, if you have the early stages of gum disease, a scaling and root planing procedure may be sufficient to remove the excess plaque and bacteria feeding your infection. He may also prescribe antibiotics to help your body fight off the infection in your gums.
However, if your gum disease is more advanced and is damaging your gums and bone, your dentist may need to perform surgical procedures to repair and restore your gums, jaw, and teeth. For example, if gum disease has caused your gums to recede to the point where the roots of your teeth are exposed, you may need a soft tissue graft to restore your gums.
Call Periodontal Implant Group or make an appointment online today for expert treatment for periodontal disease.